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Category Archives: Automotive

What Is Powder Coating And How Can I Use It?

Powder coating produces an extremely tough, high gloss finish on a multitude of products. As a cost effective treatment it is also non-toxic and energy efficient.

Powder Coating Treatment

The effect is achieved through placing components, bars or even finished articles in a tank where a pre-treatment of either a chemical solution is applied or they are blasted on the surfaces with an abrasive such as sand, metal or glass. The items are then manually sprayed with the powder coating in the presence of an electrical charge. An electro-magnetic field is created which causes the powder to stick to the items. A short heat treatment of around twenty minutes follows at a high temperature of between 160 and 200 degrees Celcius ensures that the powder flows evenly creating a hard, glossy finish with superb long lasting qualities.

Versatile And Creative

Experienced powder coating companies can offer an extensive range of more than two hundred colours including those that conform to BS4800 and RAI. They can even create individual bespoke colours to suit a manufacturer’s ideas to ensure that a particular brand or product is unique and easily identifiable. A range of finishes can be provided including an anti-bacterial coating, epoxy, polyester and epoxy powder coatings to provide an extensive choice for the customer.

Uses Of Powder Coatings

There is a limitless scope for using powder coatings. It is effective for all types of household goods such as toasters, kettles, storage containers and vacuums which can be produced with a range of colours and effects such as layering different colours together. Anti-bacterial finishes are ideal for medical equipment. Many large manufacturers in the automotive and construction industries use powder coatings for different components that contribute to a larger design. Applications of powder coating are widespread through every major industry producing goods that include sports equipment, garden tools and hair dryers.


The powder coating method can create hard wearing surfaces with a high gloss finish that will provide years of excellent wear. Applied without the use of toxic solvents, it is ecologically friendly and uses less energy than alternative methods. Unlike the more expensive anodising finishing, it can provide extremely good results on surfaces that are less than perfect to begin with, hiding defects with generous layers of coatings. As an inexpensive treatment that produces high quality, durable finishes, contact Edmo for their expertise on powder coatings.

Ethanol Car Engines Work

Ethanol Cars

Vehicles that retain an internal combustion engine that is specifically designed to operate on more than one kind of fuel are referred to as dual-fuel vehicles. Informally, these vehicles are referred to as flexible-fuel vehicles or FFV. This simply means these cars or trucks have the capability to operate on alternative fuels other than gasoline; or they run off of a combined fuel such as the modern-day blended gasoline mentioned before.

Dual-fuel vehicles operate very similar to standard automobiles that use gasoline. Ethanol is injected into engines just the same as gasoline is injected into standard non-hybrid vehicles. Even though bioethanol delivers slightly less gas mileage, its eco-friendly benefits make it a viable option for drivers. For example, when ethyl fuel is burned, it produces less harmful emissions and air pollution than standard gasoline. This advantage alone makes it worthwhile. Also, ethanol generally costs less than standard fuel or gasoline; making hybrid vehicles a cheaper option in comparison to standard automobiles on the market today. The similarities between the two engines makes ethanol cars cheaper than most hybrid vehicles as well.

Ethanol Fuel

Ethanol fuel is a biofuel because it is mainly extracted from plants such as corn, potatoes, hemp, barley, grain, sugar cane, and more. Bioethanol is actually ethanol; the same kind of alcohol found in liquor, beer, and wine. It’s most commonly used as a biofuel additive to motor fuel. In fact, the majority of vehicles on the road today operate on blends of ethanol and gasoline. In most cases, 25% of common fuel is ethanol, while the other 75% is gasoline. This is the likely blend a person will get at their local gas station when they fill up their tanks. In 1976, Brazil made it legally mandatory to blend the two fuels together. When blended, they are referred to as flex-fuels.

Eco Friendly Vehicles Tricks

Keep Your Car as Long as Possible

It’s tempting to trade in your vehicle for a newer model, or buy a new ride after a great job promotion, but keeping your current vehicle for as long as you can is actually the more eco-friendly practice. Having less cars means less toxic emissions and so forth. Keep your inventory of vehicles as low as possible, for as long as you can.

Properly Dispose Old Auto Parts

Car batteries that can be recycled must be recycled properly, and those that are not must be safely disposed of. Proper disposal for other car parts is important too, including old tires, motor oil, car fluids, and more. Metal auto parts can be recycled for cash at your local scrap metal yard or junkyard. All of these practices will instantly help the environment.

Don’t Skip Scheduled Car Maintenance

Factory scheduled car maintenance is vital to the overall performance, safety, and longevity of every vehicle. And it also helps with the budget since it prevents costly breakdowns and repairs. Scheduled car maintenance includes routine fluid changes, filter replacements, brake service, tire service, battery service, alignments, and more. Proper auto care reduces toxic emissions and fuel consumption, and supports a safer, more efficient operation. All this is eco-friendly and better for the environment. Check your owners’ manual for your vehicle’s suggested service schedule, and talk to your mechanic about your car’s individual needs.

Information of Future Fuels


The energy of bio-fuels is derived from biological carbon fixation. These fuels can be derived from biomass conversion, solid biomass, liquid fuels etc. Based on the source from which they are derived there are a variety of bio-fuels. Two popular forms are bio-diesel (alternative to diesel) and bio-ethanol (alternative to petrol).

Bio-diesel is made by extracting and purifying plant seed oil to substitute regular diesel and made available to diesel engines. The most widely recognized bio-ethanol is the fermented extracts of corn or sugarcane. The natural ethanol thus extracted acts as alternative to petrol and can run on any petrol powered vehicles.

Bio-fuels are inexhaustible energy sources, as they are extracted from plants produce. Automobile engines do not require major changes to run with bio-fuels. Since their origin is natural, they are considered sustainable and environment friendly. They help reduce dependency on import of crude petrol. They produce less emissions, thus, contribute to efforts for lowering global warming issues.

The possible disadvantages from bio-fuels are – there is an increased competition between bio-fuel crops and food crops, which is likely to result surge in food crop prices. Bio-fuel production encourages destruction of forests and other natural habitats for growing bio-fuel related crops, which will show devastative consequences on environment.

Hydrogen fuel:

Hydrogen in its gaseous form can be used as fuel to run engines. Hydrogen is the most abundant element on the earth which is colorless, non-toxic and environment friendly. The source of hydrogen fuel is natural gas and water. Natural gas contributes 80% of hydrogen fuel and the rest comes from water resources through the process of hydrolysis.

The production process of hydrogen fuel is safer and cleaner than petroleum production. Hydrogen fuel ensures future security in terms of fuel, economic stability and reduces the dependency on petrol and diesel. Hydrogen fuel produces zero emissions of pollutants which again contributes to the sustainable development of country.

Motor Oil and Hybrid Vehicle


Hybrid automotive experts also feel that synthetic motor oil works better in hybrid autos than typical petroleum-based products. This is because it is much thinner than the natural alternative, and many mechanics are even starting to recommend its use in regular vehicles. The only real downside to using synthetic lubricant is that it can be more expensive than petroleum-based.

When the Motor Oil Should Be Changed

Motor oil changes are not needed as frequently with hybrid cars since the engine runs less during city driving with its low speed and stop-and-go movement. However, the lubricant does still require changing, and you should always use premium products. As stated previously, be sure to use the correct weight so you will not damage the top-end of your engine. Because hybrid autos shut down and restart their engines much more often than other vehicles, choosing the right lubricant is even more important to the long-term health of the engine.

There is an oil life indicator on the dashboard of each hybrid car that displays the percentage of oil life currently left. The range runs from 0 to 100%. Most hybrid service departments will recommend that the fluid be changed when it reaches the 15% range. Though it will not harm the engine to drive the vehicle past the 15% point, it serves as a good benchmark for operating the vehicle safely without damaging the engine.

This comes in handy because the gas engine in a hybrid vehicle doesn’t run at all times, so it is hard to give a mileage reading that indicates a change is needed. Different types of driving use the engine more than others, and the monitor is conditioned to figure out all the variables to estimate a realistic life for the lubricant.

Steps Build Basic Bicycle Generator

Acquire a Motor – The first step is to acquire a DC motor for bicycle generator. This can be acquired from an old computer or printer. Motors are present in almost every electronic item. You can even go online and buy a new motor at an affordable price. Once you have acquired or bought a motor, you need to take off o-rings and plastic gears.

Mount the Motor – The next step is to mount the motor onto the back tire of the bicycle. This will allow the tire to turn the shaft of the motor. You will also need to put a sort of disc to the arm of this motor. This will allow it to touch the tire. It is always better to use big rubber discs as they provide good friction. The turning will cause voltage to easily come across the leads on this motor.

Basic Procedure for A Stationary Bicycle – First, let us talk about a stationary bicycle. If you are trying to build a stationary bicycle generator, you will have to build a stand too. This will make sure that your back tire is elevated. You should use a multimeter or voltmeter to measure the voltage your motor is producing when you are pedaling. Usually, this will be enough to power a small TV or charge a 12 volt battery.

The next step is to attach a voltage regulator to the leads of the motor, reaching whatever equipment you want to charge or run. If you don’t use a regulator, batteries can explode. For those of you who don’t know, voltage regulators are small chips. They can be easily soldered onto a circuit. It is quite simple and easy to acquire a schematic for every voltage regulator. You can get them at an electronics store or online.

Once you have used a voltage regulator with motor for bicycle generator, you can feel free to run any compatible appliance. You can get around 100 to 200 watts of power. However, you need to use the right kind of motor.

Basic Procedure for A Moving Bicycle – On the other hand, if you are trying to build a generator on a moving bicycle, you just have to mount the battery holder near the back tire. It will be better if you mount it just above the tire. This way, you will not have to use long connecting wires. You also need to make sure that the wires are tight and don’t get caught up in the tire. The rest of the steps are the same as a stationary bicycle generator.

Alternative Fuel Cars

Above you can see obvious reasons why diesel engines are not healthy for the environment, or for your wallet. However, two different types of engines for cars are currently available on the market, and ready to be used by citizens all over the country. You have probably heard of a “hybrid” car by now, which is a car that uses an engine that utilizes both oil and electricity in order to power the car. It also uses a smaller engine with lighter parts, so that that engine does not have to work as hard in order to move the car. The electric motor helps to power the car, thus allowing the engine to work less hard and waste less gas. Also, the energy used when you brake is recycled and put into the battery in a hybrid car.

In an electric car, there is an absence of an engine altogether. The engine is replaced by an electric motor, much like the one in a hybrid car. This electric motor is powered by a set of rechargeable batteries, so it removes the need for oil completely. This is obviously a plus, since the car will not emit dangerous chemicals into the air, and you won’t have to pay a high price for gas. In fact, a full charge for an electric car is said to cost as low as $2.00 to $4.00. This is amazing compared to the almost $100 dollars you spend filling up your diesel engine car

Water Powered Cars

Did you know that water can be used to power cars? It’s true. The German BMW auto makers have already produced the world’s first hydrogen powered car. However, they only produced 100 of them. Can you imagine if they build more and these cars were on the road?

This initial model car is called the BMW Hydrogen 7, and uses the body of the 760i model. When you pop the hood on this car you will immediately notice it is different than a gas powered car. Under this hood are a gas and a hydrogen system.

The hydrogen power allows the car to travel 4.7 miles on a gallon of water. In the future these figures will more than double. For now, we still need duel engine cars because we refuse to completely give up our gas powered vehicles.

The greatest challenge in using water as a green energy source is in the engine. Hydrogen combustion engines are still in their infancy. The technology for such engines is less than 10 years old and still growing. Who knows where the future will take us.

In order to prevent evaporation, large 30-gallon, bi-layered and highly insulated tanks have to be installed in the vehicle. There is a danger of the water evaporating into compressed gas without these safety devices. Another safety mechanism is in the valves that open if the pressure in the tank exceeds 5 bars.

Due to the success of the BMW H7, the German company has come out with a new car that they call the H2R. Although water powered, we cannot take our garden hose and fill it up: these vehicles actually use liquid nitrogen as their fuel. Tests on this new car show that it can accelerate from 0 to 60 miles an hour in under 6 seconds. With a top cruising speed of 185.5 mph, this vehicle can achieve 285 hp. This is a remarkable vehicle that shows promise for the future.

The advantage to water over gas or diesel is demonstrated in the lack of harmful gases released into our atmosphere from water powered cars. Water also weighs less than hydrocarbon fuels and burns faster than regular gasoline.

Hopefully, water powered cars will be available to the public within the next 10 to 20 years. When more automakers decide they want to build green energy vehicles then we will see a dramatic change in what we drive today. Until then, we drive what is out there.

Electric Automotive Challenges

End of Life Battery Disposal: Where do all these batteries go with chemicals that are not so good for environment? Proponents say; it’s not that big of deal. Still, if old cell phones are considered hazardous waste partly due to the batteries inside, then car batteries which are much bigger with huge amounts of material are even more problematic.

Slow Growth: Currently electric vehicles make us such a small percentage of the total, that they are not making any real difference in the use of fossil fuels, so if that is the goal, it will take decades to achieve and need massive government intervention – hasn’t government intervened in the free-markets enough lately (Healthcare, Biofuels for instance) and how has that worked out for us?

Electric Automotive Rebates: When government gives rebates we all end up paying for it in higher taxes. If EVs cost on average $10,000 more, and we give rebates, we are subsidizing a sector over another sector, picking and choosing winners. It’s wiser to allow EV industry to pony up and find ways to lower prices to compete.

Electric Automotive Are Quiet: Proponents say that’s a good thing. But, tell that to the kid or cyclist that didn’t hear them coming and got smushed. Some EVs now have “sound” to alert people they are coming, and you can choose the sound you like, several options. That’s nice, but defeats the concept and/or benefits of such serenity associated with EVs. Sound also takes energy to make, ask any audio installer of sound systems for cars, often a second battery or batteries is/are added for larger systems.

Get Advantages Driving a Hybrid

Tax credits. Hybrid vehicles are no doubt more expensive than conventional automobiles and this is why the government issues tax credits to people who buy hybrid vehicles. There are many resources on the internet related to tax credits for hybrid vehicles that are out dated and the easiest way to verify if a vehicle is eligible or not is to go directly to the IRS website.

Reduces carbon footprint. If your environmentally conscious this is what you have waited for! Not only do you have a fuel-efficient gasoline engine but your vehicle can get you where you need to go with zero tailpipe emissions which im sure your aware of means less greenhouse gases being created.

Less money spent on fuel. Sure you can argue that number this is a repeat of number one but seriously the biggest benefit of owning a hybrid is that they use less fuel. Cost vs benefit calculators that allow buyers to get a better grasp on just how long it would take to see any real savings and the answer is the second you start driving a hybrid your fuel expense will decrease.